While the Samurai retained his honor and his precious title, it was the townspeople, the merchant class, who soon had most of the wealth. these unsophisticated, common people now could insist on an art that they could understand and appreciate. What emerged was a style that was simply and purely decorative, for no other cause but to delight the eye.
The artist, Maruyama Okyo, founded the school which was mainly responsible for this demand. He was a great teacher who produced an abundant class of talented students. The Maruyama-Shijo school can be recognized mainly for its common subject matter and also for its effort to integrate Western techniques.
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